Hungary Summer Camp - 2017

10 tháng 10, 2017
Đơn vị tổ chức: Trường Đại Học Kỹ Thuật và Kinh tế Budapest (BME)
Đơn vị được mời tham gia: Trường Đại Học Kiến Trúc Hà Nội (HAU)

Sinh viên HAU tham gia:   Ngô Bá Trung,
                                            Nguyễn Hữu Quân,
                                            Nguyễn Thị Lê Trang,
                                            Phùng Cao Minh


Trương trình và thời gian:


1. Adaptive reuse and onvervation of historical buildings workshop 12-15 Jul.2017 Dr. Vasaros Zsolt
Department of Industrial and Agricultural Building Design,
Faculty of Architecture, BME

2. Swabian farmhouse restorationn camp 17-30Jul.2017 Dr. Kemes Balazs
Department of Industrial and Agricultural Building Design,
Faculty of Architecture, BME

3. Somló hill wine cellar survey and design camp 4-10 Aug.2017 Dr. Vasaros Zsolt
Department of Industrial and Agricultural Building Design,
Faculty of Architecture, BME




Chi tiết chương trình:

1.
ADAPTIVE REUSE//////////////
INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP AND SUMMER SCHOOL IN BUDAPEST


collaborating partners:
Higher Technological Institute of 10th Ramadan City, Cairo-Egypt (HTI)
Hanoi Architectural University, TP Hà Nội, Việt Nam (HAU)
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Faculty of Architecture (BME)


PROGRAM OUTLINE:
Sáng: các buổi học, giới thiệu liên quan đến cải tạo công trình kiến trúc hoặc thăm quan các công trình kiến trúc đã hoặc đang được cải tạo
Chiều: workshop
12.07.2017 – presentation and workshop /// BME ’K’ building, 2nd floor Room 210
- 10.00-12.00 Diána NUSSZER, architect – Introducing Hungarian projects related to sustainability andexamples of reused buildings. Reconstruction, revitalization, transformation, building reuse and brownfield rehabilitation: selected projects (see Attachment No.1)
- 12.00-14.00 – break
- 14.00-17.00 – workshop / tutors: Muhammad Eldaidamony M.Sc. architect, Dr Zsolt VASÁROS assoc. prof., Giap Trang architect, Diána NUSSZER architect, Dr Szabolcs HELFRICH assist. prof.,

13.07.2017 – presentation and workshop
- 09.00-10.00 Anikó SOMLAI architect – The National Conservation and Storage Centre: a large scale brownfield investment project
- cca. 10.30-12.30 Dr Zsolt VASÁROS, architect – Site tour
- 12.30-14.00 – break
- 14.00-17.00 – workshop / tutors: Muhammad Eldaidamony M.Sc. architect, Dr Zsolt VASÁROS assoc. prof., Anikó SOMLAI architect, Giap Trang architect, Gergely SÁGI architect, Dóra DÁVID student of architecture

14.07.2017 – guided tour in Budapest and workshop
10.00-12.00 Eszter NAGY, architect – Adaptive reuse in practice: guided tour (see Attachment No.2)
12.00-14.00 – break
14.00-16.00 – workshop / tutors: Muhammad Eldaidamony M.Sc. architect, Dr Zsolt VASÁROS assoc. prof., Eszter NAGY architect, Dr Szabolcs HELFRICH assist. prof., Giap Trang architect
16.00-18.00 – presentation and discussion of the project proposals

15.07.2017 – ODOO project day
10.00-12.00 Bálint BAKOS, architect – The ODOO Project
12.00-14.00 –break
14.00-16.00 – ODOO workshop – led by Bálint BAKOS architect


1.

WORKSHOP


Nhiệm vụ: đưa ra ý tưởng cải tạo núi Esztramos - trước khai thác mỏ đá vôi nay bỏ trống với hệ thống 52 đường hầm (18 hầm đã bị sập) - thêm thông tin ở dưới - . Núi Esztramos các thử đô Budapest 250 km, workshop được thực hiện trong trường BME

Mục đích: lưu giữ, bảo tồn núi và hệ thống hầm và mở của và thu hút khách du lịch

Phương pháp làm việc: - workshop
- làm việc theo nhóm, mỗi nhóm có 1-2 sinh viên Việt Nam, 2-3 sinh viên Ai Cập
- có sự hướng dẫn của các KTS và giáo viên ba trường: HTI, HAU, BME (nêu trên)
- tìm hiểu hiện trạng, đưa ra ý tưởng
- kết thúc workshop các nhóm sinh viên chiếu slide thuyết trình ý tưởng


BRIEF INTRRODUCTION
The solemn hill of Esztramos is part of the Aggtelek Karst, in the Bódva valley, in the Northern Hungary Region.
It’s height was originally 380 m but due to the mining activity now it’s only 320 m.
Formed by limestone and containing several iron strikes it was an important minig site form the early medieval until the late 90’s.
The industrialization of the iron mining started in 1834, first in open-cast mining system, afterwards, form the year 1893 the started to develope the deep mine system also.
In 1951 the iron mine started to decay and 1960 it was closed definitely. Since then only the limestone mine was active, until 1990 when it was privatized. After the privatization the new owner neglected the mine, the infrasturcture was partly stolen and demolished and when the company bankrupted in 1996 the mine colsed forever.
The hill was very rich in natural beauties, mostly natural caves, underground lakes, uniques even in this world famouse Karst region. The mining activity highly damaged this natural enviroment: in the last century they found 52 caves but 18 of them are disapperead completly, and the rest is also suffered certain destruction due to the deep excavations and the detonations of the open-cast mining process.
Even the industrial mining destructed a big part of the hill and the caves inside, the remains are still so valuables that in 1998 the Aggtelek National Park acquired the territory and it was attached to the Unesco Word Heritage protected area of the National Park.
Since then there were many plans for the reuse and recreation of the former mine area, to convert it to a touristic destination but these planes never getting realised.
However, the hill and the former mine site has planty of posibilites to became a potential touristic destinantion. The beauty of the natural enviroment, the fantastic and unique subterrain world is ideal for the adventure tourism while the rests of the mine (the well-preserved former courses and underground facilities and the not so well-preserved buildings) should be converted to an outstandig and complex mining museum.
And finally, it would be a chance for the local community to survive after the collapsing the local industry almost 25 years ago.


1.


2.
SWABIAN FARMHOUSE//////////////
RESTORIATION BUILDING CAMP


collaborating partners:
Hanoi Architectural University, TP Hà Nội, Việt Nam
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Faculty of Architecture

Nhiệm vụ: đánh giá hiện trạng công trình “old farmhouse”, bắt đầu công việc cại tạo công trình nhà ở truyền thống (làm thự tế, ghi chi tiết trong phần program outline) tạo làng Perbal, các thử đô Budapest 50km, SV ở trong trại tại Perbal

Mục đích: Trung tâm chăm sóc trẻ khuyến tật nay đã quá tải vì số người khuyết tật xin vào ở ngày càng tăng và kèm theo đó là số người chăm sóc và các hoạt động cũng tăng nhiều hơn. Mục đích của trại hè là cải tạo lại công trình nhà ở đã bị bỏ hoang nhiều năm để mở rộng không gian sử dụng cho Trung tâm.

Phương pháp làm việc: - construction camp
- trải nghiệm thực tế: thử nghiệm - thí nghiệm các loại vật liệu xây dựng địa phương, làm quen với công trình nhà ở truyền thống
- thực tập công nhân: với sự hướng dẫn của GV và các chuyên gia, SV làm các giai đoạn đầu trong quá trình cải tạo công trình: khảo sát hiện trạng và vẽ ghi công trình, đập các lớp vữa cũ phía bên trong công trình, trát tường đất, gạch, dá với các hỗn hợp truyền thống (đất, cát, rơm và nước)

PROGRAM OUTLINE:
Jul. 17.Monday
- thăm quan trại: địa điềm làm việc (old farmhouse) và Trung tâm chăm sóc trẻ khuyến tật
- workshop I.: thử nghiệm các loại đất xây dựng truyền thống

Jul. 18-22.
làm việc tại “old farmhouse": cải tạo công trình giai đoại thứ 1.
- dọn dẹp, đập các lớp vữa cũ phía bên trong công trình
- khảo sát hiện trạng và vẽ ghi công trình
- đưa ra ý tưởng công năng sử dụng công trình

Jul. 23. Sunday
thăm quan công trình:
- làng Zsámbék: Church Ruins, Turányi Gábor specialized school
- làng Perbál: Maros Tamás apartment house, Benczúr László family house
- thành phố cổ: Esztergom

Jul. 24. Monday
- workshop II.: thử nghiệm đất xây dựng, thăm quan công trình nhà ở làm bằng đất

Jul. 25-28.
làm việc tại “old farmhouse": cải tạo công trình giai đoại thứ 2.
- trát tường đất, gạch, dá với các hỗn hợp truyền thống: đất, cát, rơm và nước

Jul. 29. Saturday
- hoàn thiện công việc, dọn dẹp trước khi trao lại công trình cho Trung tâm
- tham gia hội làng Perbál

Jul. 30. Sunday - átadó
- tham gia hội làng Perbál
- chia tay Trung tâm
2.

BRIEF INTRRODUCTION


The construction camp at Perbál will be organized for the ninth time this summer, between the 17th and the 30th of July. In the heart of the settlementstands a building, which has been uninhabited for a
few years and is in need of renovation. It is theproperty of the Live On Association. It has a layoutcharacteristic of its region and given an adequatefunction this house could well serve everyday lifeat theChildren’s Home. The task at hand is twofold:remaking the interior renders of the adobe walls andexploring possible functions for the building.

location
Perbál is a settlement cca. 35 km northwest ofBudapest, located in the picturesque Zsámbéki basin.Its neighbours are Tök, Telki and Tinnye. Todayssettlement origins date back to prehistoricaltimes, its rootsreach as far as the bronze age. Asa consequence the town has been destroyed severaltimes with itsinhabitants scattered throughout theworld or their day-to-day lives drastically changed.Despite their challenges acceptance, peacefulcoexistence and looking ahead have characterizedthe townsfolk. Time and again their hopeful attitudehas helped them reformulate their multinationalcommunity, of which 2030 people currently live inPerbál.

Children’s Home
The Children’s Home of the Live On Association wasfounded by a group of parents that was looking for a higher quality alternative to the state provided care. The uniqueness of the institution lies in thattheinhabitants - organized into small communities- live their weekdays helping each other. On the weekends most of the inhabitants are taken home to spend time with their families, while the others are visited by their own. Another decisive factor is the closeness of nature, which aside from its innate benefical effects provides useful occupation to the least impaired through agricultural activities.

culture and architecture
in search of an adapting architecture
The first seven years were focused on the crucial maintenance works of the buildings at the Children’s Home. Although the renovational tasks still play an important role, the focus has gradually shifted to development. These developments of the Children’s Home however can only serve the life of the institution truly if they reflect on the vision of the people who work and live there.Getting to know the different layers of a given region in terms of space and time is fundamental to adaptation. This is what we will try to achieve on our course‚ Culture and architecture’ this fall. This year’s camp – aside from the construction works – is a preparation for this process through on-site presence and observation.
about plaster
During the camp we will cover the cleansed raw inner surface of the walls with an adobe plaster in two or three layers if necessary. The idea is to create a fine finish on top of a fiber reinforced base layer. Parallel to the construction works we want to place temperature and humidity sensors into the walls as well as in its immediate environment in order to monitor the behaviour of the wall. The effect of the changes in indoor and outdoor air temperature and humidity on the wall and the wall’s moisture storage capacity can be examined in this way.


2.



3.
SURVEY CAMP//////////////
SOMLÓ HILL WINE CELLAR





Nhiệm vụ: đánh giá hiện trạng và vẽ ghi các công trình và hầm rượu vang đang bỏ trống tại đồi nho Somló cách thử đo Budapest gần 200km, SV ở nhà dân tại Somló

Mục đích: lưu giữ giá trịnh kiến trúc và khôi phục chức năng các công trình đang bị xuống cấp hoặc bỏ hoang

Phương pháp làm việc:
- các nhóm SV làm việc cùng nhau, mỗi người vẽ một bản vẽ: mặt bằng mặt đứng, mặt cắt, chi tiết cửa,... Rồi cùng đo để lấy số liệu
- trong 6 ngày SV Hungary và Việt Nam đo được 14 công trình



BRIEF INTRRODUCTION

The area of the hill Somló is moreover quite rich in the heritage of different cultures. The hill is an element of outstanding importance in the landscape, and the defining character of the earlier and current use of the territory. The sole volcanic hill attracts a number of visitors with its famous wines, friendly wine cellars, lookout tower, interesting geological and natural features and the ruined castle. The highly patriotic winemakers also supported the idea of granting different protections to their valuable hill.
After discussions the Protected Landscape Area was established in 1983 with 585 hectares under the guidance of the Balaton Upland National Park. The main aim was to preserve the cultural relics and natural values by turning back to the traditions of the area. Our departmental project aims to be World Heritage site, since 5 years we are preparing the necessary documentation and dealing with the local authorities. The area is an exceptional example of sustainable and productive cultural landscape that is uniqueand representative of a tradition that is important symbol for wine productionencompasses vineyard landscapes, which include approx. 2500 small scale ancient and also contemporary cellars on the foothills, 3 middle age churches, a castle and remains ofnumerous archaeological cultures. It reflects a more than 6000 years tradition of land use, a 3500 years long culture of habitation and 2500 years memory of wine making. The built in areas, mainly situated on terraces and the slightly sloping areas of the hill, are characterized by the Balaton Upland “style” and local impacts. Building materials werelocal basalt stone, and carved wood with clay tiles for the roofs. The whole small scalelandscape illustrates natural, economic and cultural features, combined in a hill area with collaboratively cultivated grape plantations, some ancient of these in recent clearings of the high plateau forest. The typical local architecture is a fusion between the cultural patterns and the indigenous culture of the region adapted as well to the winemaking process. The Somló is an outstanding example of continuing land-use, in which thecollective effort indicated innovative and traditional practices of natural resources in the changing geographical conditions. Within the frame of our site project will be collected all of the relevant data of the values and the urgent intervention points. Our aim also to offer proposals and initiate suggestions to renew and revitalize the underdeveloped segments of the territory.